Month: May 2017

Legal Aspects of Personhood: a Closer Look at the African Elephant

Considering how much evidence that I present for the possibility that sperm whales are our peers, it might come as a surprise to learn that I have been against every attempt I’ve seen, to date, to extend the legal definition of

Manipulation Complexity and the Intelligence of Sea Otters

Last year a paper was published by Sandra et al that allowed us to connect primate intelligence with manipulation complexity. Of particular interest to me, was that it indicated possibilities to measure the intelligence of non-primates. Unfortunately, connecting this work to cetaceans would be

The Scale of Primate Intelligence

This post replaces an early one that contained several errors. Its purpose is to explain my Primate IQ Scale. It also incorporates data from an important 2016 paper by Sandra et al, to it. An Introduction Deaner et al. 2006, were the first to establish

Does the Mirror Test Reflect Self-awareness?

The Mirror test of Self-Recognition (MSR) has been the gold standard in the quest to find the self-aware. Unfortunately, only a handful of species have ever passed it. Some scientists have been surprised that the subject of their research fail, as their

Battle for the Oceans

Nature, red in tooth and claw Alfred Lord Tennyson On land, we have a very good understanding of how the most intelligent nonhuman animals live. By contrast, our understanding of the same in the sea is very poor. Nature documentaries

The Most Intelligent Fish and its Relevance

If you ever try to google for the most intelligent fish (ie. vertebrate that isn’t a tetrapod), the the most common result, and the only one of any consensus, is the manta ray. These are extremely curious and playful animals. Preliminary